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What's on City of Melbourne

Melbourne in numbers

The Melbourne municipality is situated within the State of Victoria, in the country of Australia.

The Melbourne municipality is made up of the city centre and a number of inner-city suburbs. Each suburb has its own distinctive flavour, with different businesses, dwellings and groups of people living and working there.

Visit Suburb profiles for more information. You can also view Suburb maps and a Boundary map of the Melbourne municipality.

Melbourne municipality at a glance


Statistics Latest figure Past figure
City of Melbourne area 37.7 km2
Estimated resident population

122,207 (p) (2014)1

116,360 (2013)1
Top three estimated resident populations of City of Melbourne by small area

Melbourne (including CBD) – 29,3221 (p)

Carlton – 16,3151 (p)

Southbank – 15,6371 (p) 

Melbourne (including CBD) – 23,8991 (r)

Carlton – 15,3771 (r)

Southbank – 13,5761 (r)
Residential dwellings 58,395 (2012)7 42,037 (2006)7
Median age 28 (2011)3 28 (2006)3
Daytime population per day 844,000 (2012)4 782,000 (2010)4
Night time (6pm – 6am) population per day (average) 378,000 (2012)4 356,000 (2010)4
International visitors per year (to Metropolitan Melbourne) 1,674,612 (2012)5 1,492,628 (2010)5
Residents born overseas 48% (2011)3 42% (2006)3
International tertiary student residents 26,323 (2010)6 21,584 (2009)6
Most common language spoken, other than English Mandarin 10% (2011)3 Mandarin 8% (2006)3
Total built space 29,756,430 m2 (2012)7 25,046,888 m2 (2006)7
Total employment (workers) 439,172 (2012)7 362,799 (2006)7
Number of establishments (business locations) 16,335 (2012)7 13,943 (2006)7
Largest industry by establishments Business Services 2764 (2012)7 Business Services 2333 (2006)7
Largest industry by employment Business Services 70,499 (2012)7 Business Services 53,226 (2006)7
Largest industry by floor area Arts and Recreation 7,153,057 m2 (2012)7 Arts and Recreation 6,870,581 m2 (2006)7
Largest industry by commercially occupied built space Other Services
2,279,847 m2 (2012)7
Other Services
2,070,435 m2 (2006)7
Number of cafe / restaurant / bistro seats 178,320 (2012)7 140,119 (2006)7
Most common occupation of workers Professionals - 40% (2006)3
Total length of roads 342 km (2011)8 338 km (2006)8
Total area of parks / reserves 4,860,049 m2(2012)7 4,600,591 m2 (2006)7
Tallest building Eureka Tower, 3-7 Riverside Quay, Southbank, 92 levels/ 300 m 9
Oldest building Mitre Tavern, 5-9 Bank Place: 1837 7
Greater Melbourne Metropolitan area 9990.5 km2 8097.2km2
Estimated resident population 4,440,328 (p) (2014)1 4,344,673 (2013)1
Residential dwellings 1,572,171 (2011)3 1,471,155 (2006)3
Median age 36 (2011)3 36 (2006)3

* Note: Greater Melbourne (formally Melbourne Statistical Division in 2006) incorporated parts of Moorabool (Bacchus Marsh), Macedon Ranges (Gisborne, Macedon, Lancefield, Riddells Creek), Mitchell (Wallan, Wandong) and Murrindindi (Kinglake) Shires, as well as a bit more of Yarra Ranges (Warburton East) in the 2011 Census, and is now known as Greater Melbourne Capital City Statistical Area.

Note. ABS Estimated Resident Population: (p) = preliminary; (r) = revised


  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics, 3218.0  Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2015 
  2. City of Melbourne, Property database
  3. Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2011 Census of Population and Housing 
  4. City of Melbourne, City Research Branch, City of Melbourne Daily Population Estimates and Forecasts 2004-2030, 2013 update
  5. Tourism Research Australia, International Visitors Survey, Year ending December 2012
  6. Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations and National Centre for Vocational Education Research
  7. City of Melbourne, City Research Branch, Census of Land Use and Employment (CLUE), 2012 update 
  8. City of Melbourne, Mapbase
  9. Eureka SkyDeck

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The Melbourne municipality is located at latitude 37 degrees 49 minutes south and longitude 144 degrees 58 minutes east on the south-east edge of Australia. Melbourne municipality residents enjoy a temperate climate influenced by its location at the apex of one of the world's largest bays, Port Phillip.

Focused around a central business district, metropolitan Melbourne's 8,806 sq km of suburbs spread more than 40 km to the south, are hemmed in by the picturesque Dandenong ranges 30 km to the east, extend up to 20 km to the north and sprawl across vast, flat basalt plains to the west.


The official language is English, however more than 100 languages are spoken by the city's residents.

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The Melbourne municipality has a temperate climate of mild temperatures with four distinct seasons free of extremes.

Seasonal temperatures

Season Average maximum Average minimum
Summer (December to February): warm to hot 25°C (77°F) 14°C (57°F)
Autumn (March to May): mild 20°C (68°F) 11°C (52°F)
Winter (June to August): cool to brisk 14°C (57°F) 7°C (45°F)
Spring (September to November) cool to mild 20°C (68°F) 10°C (50°F)


Statistic Figures
Average annual rainfall 650.5 millimetres
Average annual number of days of rain 146
Average annual number of clear days 49
Average annual number of cloudy days 179

(Source: Bureau of Meteorology, Climate statistics for Australian Locations (Melbourne))

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Time zone

  • Australian Eastern Standard Time is GMT plus 10 hours
  • Daylight Saving – first Sunday in October to the first Sunday in April

Daylight hours

  • Winter – 9 hours, 32 minutes (June 21)
  • Summer – 14 hours, 47 minutes in summer (December 22)

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Public holidays

Holiday Date
New Year's Day 1 January
Australia Day 26 January
Labour Day Second Monday in March
Easter Good Friday to Easter Monday (March or April)
Anzac Day 25 April
Queen's Birthday Second Monday in June
Melbourne Cup First Tuesday in November
Christmas Day 25 December
Boxing Day 26 December

Related statistical information

Two men walking down city laneway past small shops